At present, with the rapid development of modernization, people’s lives have improved significantly, and the “big city disease” that has accompany them has also intensified. Traffic congestion has become a common disease in major cities in China. “Traffic has always been known as the 'blood' of the city, but building more roads and adding 'blood vessels' alone can no longer solve the chronic problem of urban congestion, increase the speed of 'blood' and improve traffic efficiency, which requires speeding up the construction of smart transportation. "Zou Li, deputy inspector of the Department of Science and Technology of the Ministry of Transport said.
Smart transportation integrates high-tech IT technologies such as Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, and mobile Internet on the basis of intelligent transportation, and collects traffic information through high technology to provide traffic information services under real-time traffic data. Smart transportation mainly addresses four areas of application requirements: real-time monitoring, vehicle management, information services, and driving assistance. The realization of the above four aspects requires the implementation of acquisition and analysis based on massive data. So data is the key to smart transportation.
The data comes from the mastery of the situation of the vehicle, but currently only the car number plate can identify the vehicle's identity. For unlawful acts such as unlicensed decks and deliberate block number plates, it is difficult to obtain detailed vehicle data; it encounters rain or snow weather or heavy pollution. In the weather, there will be no clear picture of the vehicle license. This has become a major problem for the transportation sector.
Automotive electronic identification came into being and became the vehicle's new generation of identity cards. The vehicle electronic identification stores the license plate number and other information in the radio frequency tag, and can complete, identify, and monitor the vehicle automatically, without contact, and without stopping. It is based on the extension of the IOT Passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in the field of smart transportation. The automotive electronic identification technology has broken through the bottleneck of the original traffic information collection technology, achieved the classification and collection of vehicle traffic information, accurate acquisition, mass acquisition, and dynamic acquisition, and seized the key issues of the intelligent transportation application system to collect the source. It is to build smart transportation. The basis of the application system. The automobile electronic identification is a collective name for a set of high-tech systems used by the national Ministry of Public Security to develop and promote the true identification of vehicles across the country. It is unified by the Ministry of Public Security Traffic Management Standards, unified implementation, unified management, co-existence with the vehicle vehicle number plates. , and the legal effect is equivalent to the vehicle number plate. Among the cities that have already applied electronic identification, Chongqing and Nanjing are based on the ISO 18000-6B/6C standards for electronic marking project demonstration applications, and have played a role in urban traffic management, road and bridge charging, and environmental protection limit management.
However, due to the fact that China has not yet established a special national standard for automotive electronic identification, the technical solutions adopted in different regions are incompatible with each other, and most of them use foreign chips. This poses a great potential safety hazard and cannot meet the basic safety requirements of China's automotive electronic identification applications. The characteristics and needs of cross-regional mobility of automobiles. For this purpose, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the National Standardization Committee proposed the preparation of national standards for automotive electronic identification, promoting the localization and industrialization of UHF RFID chips, and standardizing and leading the application of RFID electronic identifications in various areas.
Combining its own experience accumulated in the process of building a digital city and facing the traffic and transportation operation system, Shensoft has developed a vehicle electronic identification reader that complies with the national standard of the Ministry of Public Security and has passed relevant product testing work. At the same time, it demonstrated and planned a solution for the platform of the Shenshui Intelligent Transportation System based on automotive electronic identification: under the support of the three major systems of the software platform of Shensoft Company, namely the standard specification system, operation management system, and security protection system, RFID front-end equipment Perceived road traffic information, using the Shenyun cloud platform network transmission method, integrated use of GodSoft ADP application development platform, to provide users with intensive and on-demand intelligent operation and maintenance capabilities, relying on Shenao Shensuo domestic database storage management Functions such as modeling and analysis provide monitoring, auditing, statistics, and other types of industrial applications to industry management departments.
In the future, intelligent management of automobiles will become a major trend, and electronic vehicle identification will become the unique electronic ID card for vehicles. Automotive electronic identification can be used for traffic flow statistics, key vehicle supervision, priority control of bus signals, parking (gateway) management, pass management, road-limit management, and off-site law enforcement. It can also be used for public travel services and road toll collection. Environmental protection law enforcement, urban transportation planning and other industries have broad application prospects. Automotive electronic identification is an indispensable technical means for realizing the smart management of urban smart traffic.