First. Policy Support to Build a Modern Logistics System
At present, driven by new technologies such as Internet of Things, big data, and artificial intelligence, human society is striding into the smart era and cities are entering a new era of smart cities. Smart city is the inevitable result of city informationization. Its core is the use of information technology to collect, analyze and apply various information of the city, and improve the level of city management and the intelligence of residents' lives. Logistics is very important in urban construction and it is indispensable. The logistics industry connects the production, circulation and consumption of the city and is an important breakthrough in the construction of smart cities.
Mr. Wang Xuede, Director of the Smart City Research Institute of the Computer Network Information Branch Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Public Service Platform for Identification and Management of Internet of Things, believes that with the development of smart cities and technological innovation, the logistics industry will also benefit from new developments.
In order to promote the development of the logistics industry, a number of supporting policies have been issued at the national level to promote the development of the logistics industry into the stage of quality improvement. The “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” outline clearly states that “Strive to develop modern logistics industry”. The State Council issued the “Regulations for the Adjustment and Revitalization of the Logistics Industry” and formulated policies and measures to promote the healthy development of the logistics industry.
In February 2017, the Ministry of Commerce, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Land and Resources, the Ministry of Transport, and the State Post Bureau formulated the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of Business Logistics” on the basis of previous policies to further promote the healthy development of China’s trade and logistics industry and reduce Logistics costs increase circulation efficiency.
On August 17, 2017, the "Opinions on Further Promoting the Reduction of Logistics Costs and Increasing Efficiency and Promoting the Development of the Real Economy" were issued. The "Opinions" put forward 27 specific measures from seven aspects, which are deployed to promote the work of reducing costs and increasing efficiency of logistics, focusing on Create a sound environment for the development of the logistics industry, improve the level of development of the logistics industry, and promote the development of the real economy. At the same time, it is of great significance to promote logistics cost reduction and efficiency increase to promote industrial restructuring and coordinated regional development, foster new economic development momentum, and improve the overall efficiency of the national economy.
We can see that in recent years, the state has actively introduced policy plans, strengthened the construction of all aspects of logistics, provided policy guarantees for the development planning, layout, construction and operation of the logistics industry, and actively promoted the development of China's logistics industry.
Second, the emergence of new technologies to help the development of the industry
With the continuous emergence of new technologies, technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence, and machine vision have been applied to the logistics industry, helping the industry continue to achieve new breakthroughs and achieve new developments. Wang Xuede stated that with the development of technology, the form and ecology of the logistics industry will also change.
1, the Internet allows the full connection of warehouse information
With the advent of Internet technology, information throughout the country is collected and organized. In the logistics and warehousing industry, it is reflected in all the warehouses that connect the country's large and small, and the intelligent storage model that is different from the traditional storage method is the cloud warehouse. Traditional warehousing is based on the need of distribution to different warehouses to pick up the goods, and through automatic picking, it is the most suitable distribution model for e-commerce. The biggest difference between cloud warehouse and traditional warehouse lies in the integration of intelligent automation equipment and information software.
2, the Internet of things in hand smart logistics
The multi-agent, multi-link and network features of logistics operation determine its high dependence on information technology, and the IOT technology has a good match with logistics operations. It has a wide range of applications in the logistics field, improving logistics efficiency and reducing Logistics costs will enable logistics to achieve "intelligence."
At present, many countries are spending huge amounts of money to conduct in-depth research. In the logistics industry, the Internet of Things helps logistics companies to have more extensive, timely, and accurate information collection technologies and connect these information to each other, link up and down the logistics system, and make the logistics industry more intelligent. Now the use of the Internet of Things has developed a smart traceable network system for products and a visualized intelligent management network system for logistics processes to make logistics more secure and convenient.
Third, Big Data provides comprehensive services for smart logistics
The problems in the logistics industry are reflected in the terminal distribution, how to solve the problem of high distribution rate of logistics, and the “last mile” of the speed of life and death of logistics is still a problem that plagues the development of the industry.
With the continuous improvement of big data technology, the above problems are resolved one by one. By establishing a big data platform and integrating data from logistics companies, merchants, consumers, and third-party social organizations, the entire logistics process can be digitized and visualized, and then the symmetry of information can be realized, and service efficiency and satisfaction can be improved. It is understood that many domestic companies have established their own big data platforms, such as Haier, JD.
The logistics business is divided into several links such as transportation, warehousing and distribution. The development of warehousing business occupies a pivotal position in the circulation of the entire product. With the development of domestic e-commerce and the promotion of logistics and transportation business, the state actively promotes the development of logistics informationization and intelligentization, and simultaneously promotes the development of standardized and efficient warehousing industry in the important aspects of logistics and transportation.
Under the guidance of the national phase plan, related departments actively introduced policies to encourage the logistics parks and related enterprises in provinces and cities to promote the development of warehousing and logistics business. “Directives of the General Office of the State Council on Promoting the Healthy and Rapid Development of Cross-border E-Commerce”, “Opinions on Promoting Online and Offline Interaction, Accelerating the Upgrading, Upgrading, Development and Upgrading of Trade and Logistics”, and “Strengthening the Shortage of Logistics to Promote Effective Investment and Residents' Consumption” Several opinions and the "Internet +" High-efficient Logistics Implementation Opinion "a series of policies and measures have effectively provided the policy guarantee and basis for intermediate logistics and logistics development of logistics industry, which is the intelligentization of China's warehousing industry and the modernization of logistics industry. Provides construction direction.
Judging from the level of informatization, the informatization of China's warehousing industry is developing in depth and breadth. Automatic identification technology such as bar codes, smart labels, and radio frequency identification, visualization and cargo tracking systems, automatic or rapid sorting technologies, and handling robots Application rate continues to increase.
In the warehousing industry, robotics is also a major highlight. At present, the application of robotics in logistics is mainly focused on the two aspects of packaging palletizing, loading and unloading operations. The data shows that in 2016, the sales volume of warehousing AGV was close to 1,500 units, accounting for 15% of the total AGV sales. According to forward-looking statistics, revenue and consumption upgrades and smart manufacturing development, China's automated logistics equipment market has grown rapidly in recent years, reaching 75.8 billion yuan in 2016, an increase of 30.02% year-on-year, and is expected to exceed 260 billion yuan in 2022.
With the continuous emergence of new robot technologies, the role of intelligent robots in the logistics industry will be self-evident.
Fourth, development bottlenecks restricting the development of the logistics industry
At present, the total output value of China's logistics industry ranks first in the world, and in terms of smart logistics, China still lags behind the developed countries in the world, and bottlenecks in the industry have become a major factor constraining the development of the industry.
The development of smart logistics depends not only on the needs of the downstream market, but also on the upstream smart logistics equipment and related technologies. However, many technologies are now inferior to foreign companies. For example, in terms of essential chips, Intel's chip technology is at the forefront of the industry, because its high performance, low price and other reasons have become the first choice for many manufacturers.
In addition, in terms of smart data-based big data technology, currently the main body of smart logistics services in China has the problem of insufficient capacity in data collection, and it is even more difficult to apply all aspects of big data. This is to a large extent. It restricts the development of the industry and becomes a barrier for enterprises to enter into smart logistics.
In addition to technology, the development of the industry is inseparable from the industry's standardization. Standardization is more important for the logistics industry. The standardization of the industry credit system can enhance the credibility of the industry, so that the industry users gradually have the effect of scale; the standardization of industry operations can improve the industry's service efficiency and reduce the possibility of disorderly competition in the industry. However, at present, the standardization progress of China's smart logistics industry is relatively slow, and the willingness of many platforms in the industry to standardize is not high. Therefore, industry standardization still needs policy promotion and the initiative of industry players. For example, the handling robot technology, China's own technology is relatively complete, but it must be standardized so that it can be applied to the industry.
In terms of development bottlenecks, Yang Baohua also mentioned that the logistics industry involves everyone and is therefore closely related to people. One of the things that restricts the development of the industry in China is China's national conditions. China is a country with a relatively strong human condition. However, the biggest problem with machines is not humanity. This is a big challenge for China. For example, drones are used in the express delivery industry, home delivery, and it takes a long time in China to be accepted by the people. Logistics companies can fully control technological achievements, but there is still a long way to go in the terminal problem.
Fifth. Development Trend of Logistics Industry
Logistics is indispensable in the construction of a national economic system, although there are still many difficulties to overcome in the construction of a smart logistics system. According to China's national conditions, the development of the logistics industry in recent years will have the following trends:
First, “full supply chain”, Big Data drives the recombination of the entire supply chain. Whether it is the upstream raw materials, manufacturing end, or the downstream distribution end, it will be re-assembled and transformed from a linear, tree-shaped supply chain to a network. Supply chain.
Second, integrate express logistics companies and optimize industries. Now, the issue of logistics information silos is widespread in the entire logistics industry. Luo Xia, deputy dean of the National People's Congress and vice president of the School of Transportation and Logistics at Southwest Jiaotong University, pointed out: “The existence of information barriers and the development of smart logistics are constraints, whether they are between different modes of transport, between different companies, or upstream and downstream. The problems need to be solved."
Third, radiation to second and third-tier cities. Due to China's national conditions and policies, companies are moving to second and third-tier cities. With the relocation of enterprises, logistics will surely radiate to the second and third-tier cities.